SENATORS OF THE COLLEGE OF JUSTICE
Judges sitting in the Supreme Courts are known as senators of the College of Justice.
The Supreme Courts are the Court of Session, and the High Court of Justiciary. The High Court also sits as the Court of Criminal Appeal. The Court of Session is the supreme civil court and the High Court is the supreme criminal court. The Lord President is the most senior judge in Scotland and the Lord Justice Clerk is the second most senior judge.
The Court of Session is divided into the Outer House, which normally deals with new civil cases and the Inner House, which deals mostly with civil appeals. The Inner House is separated into the First Division and the Second Division, which are chaired by the Lord President and Lord Justice Clerk respectively, each holding equal authority. These 2 judges have a wide range of responsibilities and, when neither is available to sit in court, an Extra Division is set up and chaired by the next most senior judge.
Temporary judges may be appointed to sit in the Supreme Courts to carry out the same work on a part-time basis. They are referred to as Judge Smith rather than Lord or Lady Smith. See a list of the temporary judges in Scotland.
Read about how senators are appointed.
More information about the role of senator is available.
See a list of senators in the Outer House; and in the Inner House divisions.